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Chaining Static Methods in PHP

PHP is a popular programming language used for web development. It offers a wide range of features and functionalities that make it a go-to ...

PHP is a popular programming language used for web development. It offers a wide range of features and functionalities that make it a go-to choice for developers. One such feature is the ability to chain static methods. In this article, we will explore what static methods are and how they can be chained in PHP.

To understand static methods, we need to first understand the concept of classes and objects in PHP. A class is a blueprint or template that defines the properties and behaviors of an object. An object, on the other hand, is an instance of a class. It is created using the keyword 'new' and can have its own unique set of values for the properties defined in the class.

Static methods are methods that can be called directly on a class without the need for creating an object instance. These methods can be accessed using the scope resolution operator (::) followed by the method name. They are useful when we want to perform a task that is not specific to a particular object but rather to the class as a whole.

Now let's dive into the concept of chaining static methods. Chaining simply means calling multiple methods in a single statement. This is achieved by returning the current object (using the keyword $this) from each method, allowing us to call another method on it. This is often used in object-oriented programming to write code in a more concise and readable manner.

To chain static methods in PHP, we need to make use of the self keyword. This keyword refers to the current class and can be used to call other static methods within the class. Let's take a look at an example:


class Car {

public static function start() {

echo "The car has been started. ";

return self::drive();


public static function drive() {

echo "The car is being driven. ";

return self::stop();


public static function stop() {

echo "The car has been stopped.";





In the above example, we have a class called 'Car' with three static methods: start(), drive(), and stop(). The start() method echoes a message and then calls the drive() method using self::drive(). The drive() method, in turn, echoes a message and calls the stop() method using self::stop(). Finally, the stop() method echoes a message.

When we call the start() method on the Car class, all three methods are executed in a single statement, resulting in the following output:


The car has been started. The car is being driven. The car has been stopped.


As you can see, by chaining the static methods, we were able to perform multiple tasks in a single line of code.

Chaining static methods is not limited to just one class. We can also chain methods from different classes as long as they are static. This allows for even more flexibility in our code.

In addition to improving code readability and making it more concise, chaining static methods can also help in reducing the number of lines of code. This can be particularly useful when dealing with large projects with a lot of repetitive tasks.

In conclusion, static methods in PHP allow for direct access to methods without the need to create an object instance. Chaining these methods can help in writing more concise and readable code. So the next time you find yourself writing multiple lines of code to accomplish a task, consider using the concept of chaining static methods in PHP.

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