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Displaying DIV at Cursor Position in Textarea

Displaying DIV at Cursor Position in Textarea The use of DIV elements in web development has become increasingly popular in recent years. Th...

Displaying DIV at Cursor Position in Textarea

The use of DIV elements in web development has become increasingly popular in recent years. These elements allow for better organization and structuring of web pages, making it easier for developers to create visually appealing and functional websites. One useful application of DIV elements is to display them at the cursor position in a textarea. In this article, we will explore how to achieve this effect and the benefits it can bring to your web development projects.

Firstly, let's start by understanding what a DIV element is. A DIV, short for division, is a container element in HTML that is used to group and organize other elements on a web page. It acts as a block-level container, meaning it will take up the full width of its parent element. This makes it a perfect candidate for displaying at the cursor position in a textarea.

To display a DIV at the cursor position in a textarea, we will need to use some CSS and JavaScript. The CSS will be used to style the DIV and position it correctly, while the JavaScript will handle the logic of displaying the DIV at the cursor position.

To begin, we will create a simple textarea element in our HTML document with an id of "textArea". Then, we will add some CSS to style our DIV and position it absolutely, which will allow us to place it anywhere on the page. We will also give it an id of "divAtCursor" so that we can target it with our JavaScript later on.

Now comes the tricky part – how do we determine the cursor position in a textarea? Luckily, there is a simple solution using the selectionStart property. This property returns the index of the cursor position within the textarea. We can use this value to calculate the top and left positions of our DIV element and then use CSS to position it accordingly.

Let's take a look at the JavaScript code that will handle this logic:


let textarea = document.getElementById("textArea");

let divAtCursor = document.getElementById("divAtCursor");

textarea.addEventListener("keyup", function () {

let cursorPosition = textarea.selectionStart;

let cursorCoordinates = getCaretCoordinates(textarea, cursorPosition);

// getCaretCoordinates is a function that calculates the top and left positions of the cursor in the textarea

divAtCursor.style.top = cursorCoordinates.top + "px";

divAtCursor.style.left = cursorCoordinates.left + "px";


function getCaretCoordinates(element, position) {

let x = 0, y = 0;

// Get the range of the current selection

let range = document.createRange();

range.setStart(element, position);


// Get the coordinates of the range

let rect = range.getClientRects()[0];

// Calculate the top and left positions

x = rect.left + window.pageXOffset;

y = rect.top + window.pageYOffset;

return { top: y, left: x };



In this code, we are using the keyup event listener to constantly update the position of the DIV element as the user types in the textarea. We calculate the cursor position using the selectionStart property and then use the getCaretCoordinates function to get the top and left positions of the cursor. These values are then used to position the DIV element exactly at the cursor position.

And there you have it – a DIV element displayed at the cursor position in a textarea! This simple technique can be used in various ways, such as creating a live preview of text formatting or displaying helpful tips and suggestions as the user types.

In conclusion, displaying DIV elements at the cursor position in a textarea is a useful and visually appealing technique that can enhance the user experience on your website. By understanding the underlying CSS and JavaScript principles, you can easily implement this feature in your web development projects. Experiment with different styles and functionalities to create a unique and engaging experience for your users.

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