## Float to Decimal Conversion in SQL Server 2008

When working with data in SQL Server 2008, it is common to encounter values in floating point format. These values are stored as binary numbers, which can be difficult to work with and may result in rounding errors. To avoid these issues, it is often necessary to convert these floating point values to decimal format. In this article, we will explore the process of converting float to decimal in SQL Server 2008.

First, let's understand the difference between float and decimal data types in SQL Server. Float is a data type that stores floating point numbers with decimal values, while decimal is a data type that stores exact numeric values with a fixed number of digits before and after the decimal point. While float allows for a greater range of values, decimal offers more precision and accuracy.

To convert a float value to decimal, we will use the CAST or CONVERT function in SQL Server 2008. These functions allow us to convert data from one data type to another. The syntax for using these functions is as follows:

## CAST (expression AS data_type)

## CONVERT (data_type, expression [, style])

Where expression is the value we want to convert and data_type is the data type we want to convert it to. The optional style parameter is used to specify the format of the converted value.

Let's take a look at some examples of converting float to decimal using these functions:

## Example 1:

## DECLARE @FloatValue float = 123.456789

## SELECT CAST(@FloatValue AS decimal(10,2))

## -- Output: 123.46

In this example, we declare a variable @FloatValue and assign it a value of 123.456789. Then, we use the CAST function to convert this value to decimal with 2 digits after the decimal point. The output is 123.46, with the value rounded to two decimal places.

## Example 2:

## DECLARE @FloatValue float = 98765.4321

## SELECT CONVERT(decimal(10,3), @FloatValue)

## -- Output: 98765.432

Here, we use the CONVERT function to convert the float value to decimal with 3 digits after the decimal point. The output is 98765.432, with the value rounded to three decimal places.

It is important to note that when converting from float to decimal, precision can be lost due to the difference in data types. This can result in rounding errors, as mentioned earlier. To avoid this, it is recommended to specify the precision and scale of the decimal data type in the conversion. In the above examples, we specified the precision and scale as 10 and 2, and 10 and 3, respectively.

In addition to using the CAST and CONVERT functions, we can also use the ROUND function to convert float values to decimal. This function allows us to specify the number of decimal places we want to round the value to. Let's look at an example:

## DECLARE @FloatValue float = 456.789

## SELECT ROUND(@FloatValue, 2)

## -- Output: 456.79

In this example, we use the ROUND function to round the float value to 2 decimal places. The output is 456.79, with the value rounded to two decimal places.

In conclusion, converting float to decimal in SQL Server 2008 is a simple process that can be achieved using the CAST, CONVERT, or ROUND functions. It is important to specify the precision and scale of the decimal data type to avoid any rounding errors. By converting floating point values to decimal, we can ensure more accurate and precise calculations in our SQL queries.