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Installation of Tomcat 7 on Linux System with Native Library

Title: How to Install Tomcat 7 on Linux System with Native Library Tomcat is a popular open-source web server that is used to run Java-based...

Title: How to Install Tomcat 7 on Linux System with Native Library

Tomcat is a popular open-source web server that is used to run Java-based web applications. It is preferred by many developers for its ease of use and robust performance. In this article, we will discuss the steps to install Tomcat 7 on a Linux system with native library support.

Step 1: Prerequisites

Before we begin with the installation process, make sure that your Linux system meets the following requirements:

- Java Development Kit (JDK) 8 or higher

- A user account with sudo privileges

- Internet connectivity

Step 2: Download Tomcat 7

The first step is to download the Tomcat 7 installation files from the official Apache Tomcat website. You can either download the .tar.gz or .zip file, depending on your preference.

Step 3: Install JDK

Tomcat requires JDK to run, so if you do not have it installed on your system, you can follow these steps to install it:

1. Open the terminal and update the package list by running the command:

sudo apt update

2. Install JDK by running the command:

sudo apt install default-jdk

3. Verify the installation by running the command:

java -version

If the installation was successful, you should see the version of Java installed on your system.

Step 4: Create a Tomcat User

It is recommended to run Tomcat as a separate user for security purposes. To create a Tomcat user, run the following command:

sudo useradd -r -m -U -d /opt/tomcat -s /bin/false tomcat

Step 5: Extract Tomcat Files

Navigate to the directory where you downloaded the Tomcat installation files and extract them using the following command:

sudo tar -xf apache-tomcat-7.0.107.tar.gz -C /opt/tomcat

Step 6: Set Permissions

Next, we need to set the correct permissions for the Tomcat directory. Run the following commands:

sudo chown -R tomcat: /opt/tomcat

sudo chmod +x /opt/tomcat/bin/*.sh

Step 7: Configure Tomcat Service

To run Tomcat as a service, we need to create a systemd unit file. Create a new file named tomcat.service in the /etc/systemd/system/ directory and add the following content:


Description=Apache Tomcat 7















Save the file and close it.

Step 8: Enable and Start Tomcat Service

Run the following commands to enable and start the Tomcat service:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

sudo systemctl enable tomcat

sudo systemctl start tomcat

Step 9: Test Tomcat Installation

To ensure that Tomcat is running correctly, open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost:8080. You should see the Apache Tomcat welcome page.

Step 10: Install Native Library

Tomcat uses the Apache Portable Runtime (APR) library for better performance. To install the native library, follow these steps:

1. Install the APR library by running the command:

sudo apt install libtcnative-1

2. Configure Tomcat to use the native library by editing the /opt/tomcat/conf/server.xml file. Add the following line inside the <Service> tag:

<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />

3. Save the file and restart Tomcat by running the command:

sudo systemctl restart tomcat

Congratulations, you have successfully installed Tomcat 7 on your Linux system with native library support. You can now start deploying your Java web applications on Tomcat.

In conclusion, Tomcat is a powerful web server that can be easily installed on a Linux system with native library support. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can have Tomcat up and running in no time. Happy coding!

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