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PHP MySQL Search and Order by Relevancy

PHP MySQL Search and Order by Relevancy: Simplifying Data Retrieval In today's digital age, the ability to quickly and efficiently search fo...

PHP MySQL Search and Order by Relevancy: Simplifying Data Retrieval

In today's digital age, the ability to quickly and efficiently search for relevant information has become a crucial aspect of web development. With the vast amounts of data available online, users expect to find what they're looking for with just a few clicks. This is where PHP and MySQL come into play.

PHP is a popular server-side scripting language, while MySQL is a widely used database management system. Together, they provide a powerful combination for building dynamic and interactive websites. In this article, we'll explore how to leverage PHP and MySQL to create a search and order by relevancy feature, allowing users to find the most relevant results for their queries.

Understanding the Basics of Search and Order by Relevancy

Before we dive into the technical details, let's first understand the concept of search and order by relevancy. When a user enters a search query, the system will retrieve all the relevant results based on the keywords entered. However, these results may not be in the most logical or meaningful order. This is where the order by relevancy comes into play.

Order by relevancy is a sorting mechanism that allows the results to be arranged based on their relevance to the search query. This means that the most relevant results will appear at the top, making it easier for users to find what they're looking for. This feature is commonly used in e-commerce websites, online directories, and search engines.

Setting Up the Database

To begin, we need to set up a database that will store the data we want to search through. In this example, we will create a simple table called "products" with the following columns: id, name, description, and price. We will also fill the table with some sample data to work with.

Creating the Search Form

Next, we need to create a search form that will allow users to enter their queries. We will use the GET method to retrieve the search query from the form and pass it to our PHP script. The form will look something like this:

<form action="search.php" method="GET">

<input type="text" name="keyword" placeholder="Search for products">

<input type="submit" value="Search">


Creating the PHP Script

Our search form will pass the search query to a PHP script called "search.php." This script will be responsible for retrieving the data from the database and displaying it in the order of relevancy. Let's take a look at the code:


//connect to the database

$connection = mysqli_connect("localhost", "username", "password", "database_name");

//check if the connection was successful

if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {

echo "Failed to connect to MySQL: " . mysqli_connect_error();


//get the search query from the form

$keyword = mysqli_real_escape_string($connection, $_GET['keyword']);

//create the SQL query

$sql = "SELECT * FROM products WHERE name LIKE '%$keyword%' OR description LIKE '%$keyword%' ORDER BY (name LIKE '%$keyword%') DESC, (description LIKE '%$keyword%') DESC";

//execute the query

$result = mysqli_query($connection, $sql);

//check if any results were found

if (mysqli_num_rows($result) > 0) {

//loop through the results

while ($row = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result)) {

echo $row['name'] . " - " . $row['

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