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Write XML file to filesystem using XStream in Java

In the world of programming, there are various ways to store and manipulate data. One popular method is by using XML (Extensible Markup Lang...

In the world of programming, there are various ways to store and manipulate data. One popular method is by using XML (Extensible Markup Language) files. These files allow data to be stored in a structured and easily readable format. In this article, we will explore how to write an XML file to the filesystem using XStream in Java.

Firstly, let's understand what XStream is. XStream is an open-source Java library that allows for the serialization and deserialization of Java objects to and from XML. It provides a simple and intuitive API, making it easy to work with XML files.

To begin, we need to include the XStream library in our Java project. This can be done by adding the following dependency to our project's pom.xml file if using Maven:






If not using Maven, the XStream JAR file can be downloaded from their official website and added to the project's build path.

Next, we need to create a Java class that represents the data we want to store in our XML file. For this example, let's create a class called "Student" that contains the student's name, age, and course. It should look something like this:

public class Student {

private String name;

private int age;

private String course;

//constructor, getters, and setters


Now, let's create an instance of this class and populate it with some data:

Student student = new Student();

student.setName("John Smith");


student.setCourse("Computer Science");

We are now ready to use XStream to write this student object to an XML file. To do so, we will create an instance of the XStream class and call its "toXML" method, passing in our student object. This method will convert our object into an XML string:

XStream xstream = new XStream();

String xml = xstream.toXML(student);

Next, we need to specify the location where we want to save our XML file. For this example, let's save it in the project's root directory with the name "student.xml". We can use the Java File class to create a new file:

File file = new File("student.xml");

Now, we need to write the XML string to this file. We can use the Java FileWriter and BufferedWriter classes to achieve this:

FileWriter writer = new FileWriter(file);

BufferedWriter bufferedWriter = new BufferedWriter(writer);



And that's it! We have successfully written our student object to an XML file using XStream in Java. The resulting XML file should look something like this:


<name>John Smith</name>


<course>Computer Science</course>


In conclusion, XStream provides a convenient way to write Java objects to XML files. It takes care of all the underlying complexities, allowing us to focus on our data and its structure. With its simple API and wide range of features, it is a popular choice among developers for working with XML files in Java projects. So go ahead and give it a try in your next project!

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